First of all, I chose this language issue to show you the linguistic diversity produced by the long-ago migrations to the United States. Immigration to the United States caused a whole variety of different languages to be spoken there.
To possess an official language is of great importance within a country because it would be the language the whole nation will use for many purposes, such as, legal, educational, administrative, etc. In this context, English is the most spoken language in the United States, but is not official at the federal level . However, many states independently have modified their own legislation which declare English as their own official language.
The second most spoken language is Spanish, followed by approximately 300 other languages. This reflects a great beauty that lies in its cultural diversity. In this fashion, the linguistic variety in this country gives a sense of belonging and defines their identity, making it a multicultural and multilingual country.
As in many places, there are people for and against the formalization of English language in the U.S.A. On one hand, some of the reasons for not formalizing the English language are: the social value of foreign languages knowledge, a belief in tolerance for linguistic diversity, and the cultural freedom of those who come from another country. On the other hand, the ones who are for this formalization believe that the English language may unit people as a nation, and also that the linguistic assimilation of only one spoken language is beneficial to the social order and wellness.
Now, how do you think the formalization of a language may influence the country's identity?
Do you think that the U.S.A would lose its freedom and multicultural identity if it formalizes English as an official language?
Here I leave you with a web site where you can identify the different spoken languages in the U.S.A.